In my doctoral thesis, I study the significance of the Eurasian elk (Alces alces) in northern Europe during the Stone Age and the Early Bronze Age (approximately the period c. 11,500–1100 BC). The research material consists primarily of elk representations in art (rock art and portable art), as well as of other prehistoric remains related to the elk (e.g. pitfall traps and bone remains) within the study region. The tangible material is analysed in the light of ethnohistorical sources with reference to the elk’s role amongst circumpolar peoples. I am especially interested in the religious and ideological connotations of the elk in the past. Specific research questions in my research are, for instance, the sacral nature of prehistoric elk hunting; the relationship between the elk and the bear; the extraordinary percentage of elks depicted without antlers in the art, and the function of the elk-headed staffs and boats.